Mind mapping


Distance students are generally adult learners, mature, employed, and have family responsibilities. They have higher motivation and are willing to take responsibility for their own education. They are self-directed, study on independent basis. They learn in a variety of ways and take control over their learning. Their acccess to library is by technology, using a variety of media such as telephone, voice mail, web site, email etc. To be successful, distance learners need to possess basic knowledge and skills of Information Communication Technology (ICT) to access library services.

Similarly electronic libraries need to to build the capacity of their staff to be able to develop the professional ICT expertise needed to manage and maintain the Library information system in an efficient, effective and sustainable ways.

Electronic library & its resources

A digital library is a library in which collections are stored in digital formats (as opposed to print, microform, or other media) and accessible by computers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_library It purchases and make subscriptions for electronic collections for full test journals, magazines, newspapers, e-books, dictionaries, encyclopedias, digital images etc. CBS library is a good example of an electronic/digital library.

Search Skills

Students need to have the basic skills for searching electronic resources on the web. The 10 basic search skills can be accessed at: http://websearch.about.com/od/enginesanddirectories/tp/toptentp.htm There are many search engines like Google, Yahoo, Dog-pile etc. Of these Google is the widely used search engine. See their video showing Google search skills

Read this article for more information as well.  http://www.classroomtech.org/Searching/StudentMaterials.pdf

Some Problems Distance Education Students face in accessing a Library

  • their institution may not offer a library service; they may face delays and expense in contacting the library or there are many barriers that students give up trying to use it.
  • their library expectations are often low.
  • they lack information literacy skill , they frequently do not know or do not find out.
  • what services and resources are available or how to access them.
  • they frequently possess inadequately knowledge and experience in library research, electronic informational resources, and technology in general.
  • they may never come on campus so that they rarely receive information literacy   training and are unable to use in- person assistance from librarian



Posted by: Philliam | July 13, 2010

Pecha Kucha

Posted by: Philliam | July 8, 2010

A Visit to Gjerdrum Public Library-Norway


On 3/7/2010 I had a wonderful experience when Monica, Irene and I visited Gjerdrum Public Library, 20 miles north of Oslo. This trip was organised for LATINA students with library inclination by Professor Tord Hoivik. He spiced it up with lunch where I got a rear opportunity to eat what is called  a traditional Norwegian food at his home. I will live to tell this to my children in future so that they know the value of going to school (education) which opens up the world for one to freely travel around  and interact with different people to know their cultures and traditions, and compare them with your own to learn one or two things from.

Gjerdrum Library

Gjerdrum Public Library  serves its community of about 5,000 inhabitants. This library is small but with more than enough information resources like books, archives of the many local association/organisations/ groups and historical documents. Thanks to Ms. Bozena Rasmussen the Librarian who knows very well what she is doing as concerns the organisation and operation of this library. I do not know anything about her salary. If I were a Human Resource officer at Glerdrum Municipality, I would double her salary every year.

Lessons learned

I have learned  culture plays a great role in promoting unit amongst people with positive multiplier effects. Public Municipality libraries play important roles in the lives of the communities they serve.  So  community based librarians  should encourage communities they serve to document important information, and deposit such documents – manuscripts, minutes, etc. with the library for archival purpose, and for safety and posterity. Nobody lives forever to tell stories.

Another important lesson I learned is that, when children are initiated into eary reading culture, they grow up with a reading habit. They eventually become knowlegeable generation. A knowledgeable generation/community has information and skills for development. No wonder Human Development Report 2009 named Norway number one. Gjerdrum Library does this by making the library so attractive to children. It organises children reading competition where the winner gets a reward. Secondly it installed some specific computers with children games. This encourages children to come to the library regularly.


Finally, when I go back to my country-Uganda, the lessons I have learned I shall apply to my rural community-the Uganda Rural Literacy Commuinty and Commuinity Association. It aims at fighting povert, illeteracy, amongst the rural poor. For an insight, see its 2006 report here.


Posted by: Philliam | July 8, 2010

Mind Mapping

This is my mind mapping for the my project

Posted by: Philliam | July 8, 2010

HTML-Hypertext Markup Language


<heading><title>HTML LEARNING</title></heading>



<table border=3 width=1>



Posted by: Philliam | July 8, 2010

Video about Door Openning Problem

Here is a video of less than 3 minutes produced by Dan, Agnieszka and I.  It briefly described the pain students under go when either unknowingly one used the wrong card or a genuine one but for same technical reason, the card refuses to work. And yet lecture could be going on. This video depicts that under such a circumstance, one has to think very fast in order to get the available help at the Reception.

Posted by: Philliam | July 6, 2010

Photo story guide to Royal Palace

This guide was produced by Philliam, Sa & Irene as a group. Enjoy the guide.

Posted by: Philliam | July 2, 2010

My word is ADROGOA

The word Adrogoa is now fading in the vocabulary of Lugbara tribe of Uganda as of today. It used to be common in older  days. It was used mostly by parents to scare children. Adrogoa is believed to be a creature similar to human beings but having half of every part of a normal human being. That is, half head, one arm, half body, and one leg and moves at night. Once you come across it, that is the end of you. You die. They take you with them underneath water their habitat. Thought it was mostly used for scaring children not to walk in darkness, many adults had strongly believed what is said about then. That is their super natural power to do anything. To-date no prove of a person been taken by Adrogoa exists. What a myth!

Posted by: Philliam | July 2, 2010

7 Principles of teaching

I have found out that the 7 principles of teaching are all relevant to library work. The equavalent of this could be the 5 laws of library science by Dr. Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan (1892–1972) of India who was an inventor, educator, librarian, and a philosopher. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_laws_of_library_science Here are how the my library has tried to apply these principles in its operation.

1. Encourage contact between students and faculity

At Makerere University Library, Kampala Uganda where I work, library organizes what we call library user education/orientation every first semester of a new academic year for first year students. This is aimed at making known to them the general library use and staff so that in case of need for help students would know who to approach and where.

2. Develop reciprocity and cooperation among students

Here the library makes the students realise that library and the students need each other’s cooperation in the course of carrying out their respective duties.

3. Encourage active learning

This is relevant in that, students as library users are taught and encouraged to learn how to use Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) by trying out by themselves to use the OPAC after showing them how the OPAC computers are used for searching library resourses.

4. Give prompt feedback

Library gives prompt feedback to its users by having a reference Desk at which the reference librarian attends to users or responds to user inquiries. Makerere University Library calls this “Information Service”

5. Emphasize time on a task

Here the library shows openning and closing times during week days and weekends and public holidays. Time for borrowing books to use within in sessions like 8. oo am – 12.00 pm, 2.00 pm – 6.00 pm and 8.00 pm – 11 pm are in the library rules and regulations. To ensure that users obey borrowing times, a fine of Ugandan sh. 5,000 per day is imposed on defaulters if they take books out of the library without permission and sh. 1,000 for exceeding a session.

6. Communicate high expectations

Library communicates its expectations to university administration, library staff and other stake holders through regular meetings or other communication channels. For example when library expected the number of library users to increase it communicated this to stakeholders and the result was that, a new library extension was built which has increased sitting capacity 2000 from 800.

7. Respect diverse talents and ways of  leaving

This principle suggests that every member of the community should be able to obtain materials needed. Library ensures that, all individuals from all social environments are entitled to library service, and that the basis of library use was education, to which all  are entitled. This means that, collections should meet the special interests of the community, and libraries should promote and advertise their services extensively to attract a wide range of users.

Therefore, in my view as a Librarian/Head at Institute of Adult and Continuing Education, Makerere University Kampala Uganda, I am not just going to begin to realise these principles but already practising them in the context of library management.

Posted by: Philliam | July 1, 2010

Google translate

The Google translation works fine in my view. It has solved the problem of language barrier in learning and communication. What I have observed is the grammatical errors but not much. The good thing is, one is or can understand the matter being discussed.

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